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Airframe. ATPL Preparation Certificate 021 - ENAC
Formation ATPL
Airframe. ATPL Preparation Certificate 021 - ENAC
Cépadues
Auteurs : Laurence Morin, Mélanie O'Quigley
Collection : ENAC Series
Rubrique : Pilotage & loisirs aéronautiques, Métiers de l'aéro, contrôleurs, PNC...
Publics concernés : ATPL, Pilots, Books in English
Mots clés : planning, aviation
Référence : 1115
I.S.B.N. : 9782364931152
Année de parution : 2014

Quantité  
33.00 € 
DESCRIPTION DU PRODUIT :
Format : 17x24
Reliure : Broché
Nombre de pages : 180
Année de parution : 2014
Référence : 1115
I.S.B.N. : 9782364931152
Langue : Anglais

This book is aimed at future pilots willing to study Airframe (021) within the framework of ATPL Theoretical Certificates. It complies with EASA's Learning Objectives for the 021 Certificate. The chapters are all illustrated to facilitate the reader's comprehension. At the end of each chapter, the reader will find key-points highlighting the most important notions.

Laurence Morin is engineer and head of pilot theoretical training at the ENAC. She teaches Airframe, Systems and Electricity to future pilots and engineers at the ENAC.

Mélanie O'Quigley is a former student pilot of the ENAC.

INTRODUCTION

 

1ST PART:AIRFRAME STRENGTH

 

CHAPTER1:BASICPRINCIPLESOFMECHANICSOFMATERIALS

 

1 Introduction–Mechanicsofmaterials

2 Forcesinvolved

   2.1 Deformationofasolidduetotheappliedforces

3 Stressesinsolids

   3.1 Highlightingthestresses

   3.2.Normalstressandshearstress

   3.3.Sizing–General

 

4 Stress-strainrelationshipexample:tension

   4.1 Fundamentalexperiment

5 Compressionandbuckling

   5.1 Platebuckling

6 Simpleshear

7 Bending

8 Torsion

9 Stressdistributioninthevariouselementsofasimplestructure

   9.1 Normalload

   9.2 Shearingload

   9.3 Bendingmoment

   9.4 Torsionalmoment

   9.5 Distributionofstressonstructuralelements

 

CHAPTER 2: DESIGN METHODS

 

1 Introduction

2 Rupture modes

   2.1 Static rupture

   2.2 Fatigue rupture

   2.3 Dynamic instability

   2.4 Rupture by cracking

   2.5 Parts exposed to high temperatures

3 Certification levels (Paragraph 1309)

   3.1 Failure types

   3.2 Probability of occurrence

   3.3 Conclusion

4 Load calculation – General

   4.1 Loads supported by the aircraft

   4.2 Load types (limit load, ultimate load, in-service load)

5 Static proof

6 Proof of fatigue strength and damage-tolerance

   6.1 1st step: Definition of fatigue loads

   6.2 2nd step: Proof3

7 Design types

   7.1 History

   7.2 Definition of concepts

 

CHAPTER 3: STRUCTURAL MAINTENANCE

 

1 Introduction

2 The ATA 100 Standard

3 Maintenance modes

  3.1 Introduction

  3.2 Preventive maintenance

4 Issuing the maintenance program for a new aircraft

  4.1 Purpose and actors

  4.2 At the operator’s premises: scheduled maintenance

 

CHAPTER 4: AERONAUTICAL MATERIALS

1 Introduction

2 Main properties

   2.1 Chemical properties

   2.2 Physical properties

   2.3 Mechanical properties

   2.4 Environmental properties

   2.5 Implementation

   2.6 Economical properties

3 Material selection

1ST CATEGORY: METALLIC MATERIALS

4 Steel.

  4.1 Chemicals properties

  4.2 Physical properties

  4.3 Mechanical properties

  4.4 Environmental properties

  4.5 Implementation

  4.6 Economy

  4.7 Conclusion-use

5 Light alloys

  5.1 Chemicals properties

  5.2 Physical properties

  5.3 General properties

  5.4 Main light alloys used in airframes

6 Ultra-light alloys

  6.1 Chemicals properties

  6.2 Physical properties

  6.3 Mechanical properties

7 Titanium and titanium alloys

  7.1 Chemicals properties

  7.2 Physical properties

  7.3 Mechanical properties

2ND CATEGORY: COMPOSITE MATERIALS

8 General

   8.1 Definition

   8.2 Anisotropy and lay-up53

9 Constituents

   9.1 Fibers

   9.2 Matrixes.

10 Advantages and disadvantages of using composite materials

    10.1 Advantages

    10.2 Disadvantages

11 Sandwich materials

    11.1 Definition

    11.2 Properties

 

CHAPTER 5: BASIC NOTIONS OF AEROELASTICITY

 

1 Static aeroelasticity : aileron reversal

1.1 What is it?

1.2 What happened?

1.3 Remedies

2 Dynamic aeroelasticity

2.1 Calculation of dynamic loads

2.2 Vibrations

2.3 Example of instability: flutter

 

2ND PART: AIRFRAME

 

CHAPTER 1: WINGS (ATA 57)

 

1 General

1.1 Wing position

1.2 Wing types

2 Applied loads

2.1 Nature

2.2 General stresses

3 Construction modes

3.1 Spars

3.2 Ribs

3.3 Skin and stringers

4 Stress PICK-UP in the box constituents

4.1 Reminder: Distribution of stresses in a simple structure

4.2 Application to the wing box

5 Special points

5.1 MZFW limitation

5.2 Tanks

 

CHAPTER 2: FUSELAGE (ATA 53)

 

1 The various types of fuselage

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The various types of fuselage

1.3 Pressurized areas

1.4 Different fuselage cross-sections

2 Applied loads

2.1 Nature

2.2 General loads

2.3 Abnormal operation fuselage loads

3 Construction modes

3.1 Frames

3.2 Skin and stringers

3.3 Assemblies

4 Load pick-up in fuselage cross-sections

5 Fuselage openings

5.1 Windshields

5.2 Passenger doors

5.3 Cargo compartment doors

6 Floor

7 Fire Protection

 

CHAPTER 3: STABILIZERS (ATA 55) AND CONTROL SURFACES

 

1 General

1.1 Tail units

1.2 Vertical section

1.3 Horizontal section

1.4 Arrangement of stabilizers

2 Applied loads

3 Control surfaces: General

3.1 Definition

3.2 Ground locking of control surfaces

4 Control surface defects

4.1 Adverse yaw

4.2 Aeroelasticity-related problems

5 Aerodynamic balance

5.1 Inset hinge

5.2 Internal balance

5.3 Tabs

6 Trimming of control surfaces

6.1 Trimming-tab

6.2 THS (Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer)

 

CHAPTER 4: PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (ATA 27)

 

1 General and background

2 Servo-actuators

2.1 Reversible Servo control and Irreversible Servo control

3 Transmission component

3.1 Hard Rod Transmission

3.2 Cable Transmission

3.3 Advantages/Drawbacks

3.4 Transmission of Commands in Electrical Form

4 Artificial feel units (AFU)

5 Special equipment in rudder control system

5.1 Yaw Damper

5.2 Rudder Travel Limiter also called Rudder Travel Unit, or Variable stop system)

5.3 Rudder ratio changer (also known as Rudder authority limiter or Rudder

Pressure Reducer)

 

CHAPTER 5: SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (ATA 27)

 

1 General

2 High-lift devices

2.1 Purpose

2.2 Trailing Edge Devices

2.3 Leading Edge Devices

2.4 Transmission of Movements

2.5 Control

2.6 Monitoring

2.7 Safety devices

3 Lift dumpers

3.1 Purpose

3.2 Spoilers

 

CHAPTER 6: LANDING GEAR (ATA 32)

 

1 General

2 Installation on aircraft: Conventional landing gear and Tricycle landing gear

2.1 Conventional Landing Gear

2.2 Tricycle Landing Gear

3 Multiple-Wheel arrangements

3.1 Increasing of Contact Surface

3.2 1Reducing of Weight Supported by Each Wheel

4 Forces acting and main landing gear design

4.1 Forces Acting

4.2 Design

5 4 Forces acting and design of nose landing gear (or auxiliary landing gear)

5.1 Retractable Nose Landing Gear

5.2 Additional Systems

6 5 Shock absorbers

6.1 Purpose

6.2 Design

6.3 Operation

6.4 Importance of Shock Absorber Charge Pressure

7 Controls and monitoring intruments

7.1 Controls

7.2 Monitoring Instruments

7.3 Maneuvering Sequences

7.4 Emergency Extension Maneuver

 

CHAPTER 7: TIRES – WHEELS - BRAKES (ATA 32)

AIRCRAFT TIRES

 

1 General

2 Tire Structure

2.1 Cross-Section of a Tire

2.2 Tube-Type Tires and Tubeless Tires

2.3 Radial Structure - Conventional Structure

2.4 Dimensions and Information Indicated on Sidewall

3 Operating characteristics

3.1 Taxiing Speed

3.2 Inflation pressure

4 Service maintenance

4.1 Surveillance of Inflation Pressure

4.2 Wear Surveillance

4.3 Surveillance of General Condition

5 Operating and safety rules

5.1 Operation

5.2 Safety Rules

6 Hydroplaning

6.1 Dynamic Hydroplaning

6.2 Viscous hydroplaning

6.3 Rubber reverted skidding

6.4 Consequences of Hydroplaning

AIRCRAFT WHEELS

7 General and design

7.1 General

7.2 Design

8 Heat fuse or fusible plug

BRAKES

9 Construction

9.1 Drum Brakes

9.2 Disk brakes

10 Rolling Coefficient and adherence

11 Antiskid

11.1 Mechanical Systems

11.2 Electronic Systems.

12 Automatic Braking System (autobrake)

13 Special systems

13.1 Supply of Hydraulic Fluid to Brake Systems

13.2 Parking Brake

13.3 Automatic Braking When Landing Gears Are Retracted

 


APPENDIX 1: Methods of inspection for structural parts

 

APPENDIX 2 : Standardized designation of light alloys

1 Alpha-numeric designation

2 Numeric designation

 
APPENDIX 3: ATA 100 STANDARD (NON-EXHAUSTIVE)

 

I.S. UNIT

CONVERSION

FACTORS

REMARKS
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